Syllabus(Master’s Program)

Master’s Program

No. Title Instructor Credit Semester Notes
Seminar in Environmental Sciences and Technology A All faculty members 1 Apr-Sep Compulsory
Seminar in Environmental Sciences and Technology B All faculty members 1 Oct-Mar Compulsory
Seminar in Environmental Sciences and Technology C All faculty members 1 Apr-Sep Compulsory
Seminar in Environmental Sciences and Technology D All faculty members 1 Oct-Mar Compulsory
Research Project in Environmental Sciences and Technology A All faculty members 2 Apr-Sep Compulsory
Research Project in Environmental Sciences and Technology B All faculty members 2 Oct-Mar Compulsory
Research Project in Environmental Sciences and Technology C All faculty members 2 Apr-Sep Compulsory
Research Project in Environmental Sciences and Technology D All faculty members 2 Oct-Mar Compulsory
Topics in Environmental Sciences and Technology Nobuo FUJIWARA,
Haruhiko HORINO,
Noboru MASUDA
2 Apr-Sep
Primary Topics in Environmental Sciences and Technology Akiharu KAMIHOGI,
Yoshiaki KITAYA,
Hiroyuki YAMADA
2 Apr-Sep
Applied Seminar in Environmental Sciences and Technology All faculty members 2 Apr-Sep
Applied Project in Environmental Sciences and Technology All faculty members 2 Oct-Mar
Topics in Ecological Meteorology Hiroyuki YAMADA,
Yasuyuki AONO,
Masahito UEYAMA
2 Apr-Sep
Topics in Environmental Control in Biology Yoshiaki KITAYA,
Toshio SHIBUYA
2 Oct-Mar
Topics in Geo-environmental Engineering Takashi KIMATA,
Torahiko TANIGAWA
2 Oct-Mar
Topics in Management and Monitoring on Water Environment Haruhiko HORINO,
Takao NAKAGIRI
2 Oct-Mar
Topics in Landscape Conservation and Ecological Management Nobuo FUJIWARA,
Akihiro NAKAMURA
2 Apr-Sep
Topics in Landscape Planning and Design Noboru MASUDA,
Hiroyuki KAGA
2 Oct-Mar
Topics in Regional Landscape Planning Akiharu KAMIHOGI 2 Apr-Sep
Topics in Environmental Entomology and Zoology Norio HIRAI 2 Apr-Sep
Topics in Environmental Engineering in Biological Production Yoshifumi NISHIURA,
Akihiro HIRAI
2 Oct-Mar
Selected Topics in Environmental Sciences and Technology A Hiroki HONDO 2 Apr-Sep intensive course
Selected Topics in Environmental Sciences and Technology B Kohei AKASAKI 2 Apr-Sep intensive course

Notes

1. You must obtain at least a total of 31 credits, comprised of 15 credits for compulsory subjects, including ‘Research Integrity A’ of the Graduate School Common Courses, and 16 credits for elective subjects.

2. The credits for elective subjects include ‘Technology-based-Entrepreneurship Course’ of the Graduate School Common Courses.

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Master’s Program

Title Seminar in Environmental Sciences and Technology A
Instructors All faculty members of Department of Environmental Sciences and Technology
Course Objectives Students will cultivate a holistic view of global issues, such as environmental problems and sustainable development of an urban area, to understand their social mission and role as environmental planners. They will acquire high-level knowledge related to cultural and social sciences and information technology, which overlap with environmental science, and its practical use in order to identify environmental problems and find creative solutions. They will also develop skills to make effective presentations.
Description and program The principal topics to be covered will be the development and implementation of technologies for controlling and managing green spaces to maintain sustainable interaction between human activities and elements of the natural environment, including the atmosphere, water, soil and life, dynamics of the environment, and a healthy ecosystem; development of green space technologies and ecological design techniques for preserving and creating a healthier urban area and green environment; and development of green space management methods. General issues in the overall areas mentioned above will be analyzed and reviewed in the course through document and resource research, and the latest research trends both domestically and abroad will be investigated. Students are required to present an oral summary of research methods, analytical results and observations, as well as discuss them in class.

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Title Seminar in Environmental Sciences and Technology B
Instructors All faculty members of Department of Environmental Sciences and Technology
Course Objectives Students will cultivate a holistic view of global issues, such as environmental problems and sustainable development of an urban area, to understand their social mission and role as environmental planners. They will acquire high-level knowledge related to cultural and social sciences and information technology, which overlap with environmental science, and its practical use in order to identify environmental problems and find creative solutions. They will also develop skills to make effective presentations.
Description and program The principal topics to be covered will be the development and implementation of technologies for controlling and managing green spaces to maintain sustainable interaction between human activities and elements of the natural environment, including the atmosphere, water, soil and life, dynamics of the environment, and a healthy ecosystem; development of green space technologies and ecological design techniques for preserving and creating a healthier urban area and green environment; and development of green space management methods. General and specific issues in the overall areas mentioned above will be analyzed and reviewed in the course through document and resource research, and the latest research trends both domestically and abroad will be investigated. Students are required to present an oral summary of research methods, analytical results and observations, as well as discuss them in class.

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Title Seminar in Environmental Sciences and Technology C
Instructors All faculty members of Department of Environmental Sciences and Technology
Course Objectives Students will acquire high-level knowledge on environmental sciences and technology for its practical use in order to develop new technologies and identify environmental problems. They will also develop the ability to conduct sophisticated studies independently and accordingly to plan and write a paper logically, and enhance their presentation and communication abilities.
Description and program The principal topics to be covered will be the development and implementation of technologies for controlling and managing green spaces to maintain sustainable interaction between human activities and elements of the natural environment, including the atmosphere, water, soil and life, dynamics of the environment, and a healthy ecosystem; development of green space technologies and ecological design techniques for preserving and creating a healthier urban area and green environment; and development of green space management methods. Specific issues in the overall areas mentioned above and each student’s specialty will be analyzed and reviewed in the course through document and resource research, and the latest research trends both domestically and abroad will be investigated. Students are required to present an oral summary of research methods, analytical results and observations, as well as discuss them in class.

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Title Seminar in Environmental Sciences and Technology D
Instructors All faculty members of Department of Environmental Sciences and Technology
Course Objectives Students will acquire high-level knowledge on environmental sciences and technology for its practical use in order to develop new technologies and identify environmental problems. They will also develop the ability to conduct sophisticated studies independently and accordingly to plan and write a paper logically, and enhance their presentation and communication abilities.
Description and program Students will acquire comprehensive professional knowledge of environmental sciences and technology. The principal topics to be covered will be the development and implementation of technologies for controlling and managing green spaces to maintain sustainable interaction between human activities and elements of the natural environment, including the atmosphere, water, soil and life, dynamics of the environment, and a healthy ecosystem; development of green space technologies and ecological design techniques for preserving and creating a healthier urban area and green environment; and development of green space management methods. Issues in each student’s specialty of the areas mentioned above will be analyzed and reviewed in the course through document and resource research, and the latest research trends both domestically and abroad will be investigated. Students are required to present an oral summary of research methods, analytical results and observations, as well as discuss them in class.

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Title Research Project in Environmental Sciences and Technology A
Instructors All faculty members of Department of Environmental Sciences and Technology
Course Objectives Students will cultivate fundamental knowledge on green space measurement and evaluation approaches for preserving and creating an ecologically sound urban area and green environment through research and developed methods for green space preservation, planning, site design and management, and will be able to apply these skills practically.
Description and program The course will equip students with fundamental knowledge on how to construct study designs in environmental sciences and technology. The principal topics to be covered will be research and technology development for controlling and managing green spaces to maintain sustainable interaction between human activities and elements of the natural environment, including the atmosphere, water, soil and life, dynamics of the environment and a healthy ecosystem; development of green space technologies and ecological design techniques for preserving and creating a healthier urban area and green environment; and development of management methods. Students are required to work in small groups. Students’ main task will be to conduct document research and hold seminars under the instructor’s supervision, and to construct study designs through discussions with the instructor.

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Title Research Project in Environmental Sciences and Technology B
Instructors All faculty members of Department of Environmental Sciences and Technology
Course Objectives Students will cultivate fundamental knowledge on green space measurement and evaluation approaches for preserving and creating an ecologically sound urban area and green environment through research and developed methods for green space preservation, planning, site design and management, and will be able to apply these skills practically. Students will develop the ability to make effective presentations.
Description and program The course will equip students with the fundamental understanding of how to conduct a study in environmental science and technology. The principal topics to be covered will be research and technology development for controlling and managing green spaces to maintain sustainable interaction between human activities and elements of the natural environment, including atmosphere, water, soil and life, dynamics of the environment and a healthy ecosystem; development of green space technologies and ecological design techniques for preserving and creating a healthier urban area and green environment; and development of management methods. Students are required to work in small groups. Each group will discuss how to conduct a study with the instructor, and conduct a field survey and laboratory experiment. Students are required to make a presentation on their study.

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Title Research Project in Environmental Sciences and Technology C
Instructors All faculty members of Department of Environmental Sciences and Technology
Course Objectives Students will develop professional and presentation skills in connection with green space measurement and assessment approaches to the preservation and creation of ecologically sound urban areas and green environments, and the preservation, planning, site design and management of green spaces.
Description and program Students will learn how to conduct research through a specific study in environmental science and technology. The principal topics to be covered will be research and technology development for controlling and managing green spaces to maintain sustainable interaction between human activities and elements of the natural environment, including the atmosphere, water, soil and life, dynamics of the environment and a sound ecosystem; development of green space technologies and ecological design techniques for preserving and creating a healthy urban area and green environment; and development of green space management technology. Students will work in small groups and, through discussion with the instructor, conduct a field survey and laboratory experiment. Students are required to make a presentation on their study.

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Title Research Project in Environmental Sciences and Technology D
Instructors All faculty members of Department of Environmental Sciences and Technology
Course Objectives Students will develop professional and presentation skills in connection with green space measurement and assessment approaches to the preservation and creation of ecologically sound urban areas and green environments, and the preservation, planning, site design and management of green spaces.
Description and program Students will learn how to conduct research through a specific study in environmental science and technology. The principal topics to be covered will be research and technology development for controlling and managing green spaces to maintain sustainable interaction between human activities and elements of the natural environment, including the atmosphere, water, soil and life, dynamics of the environment and a sound ecosystem; development of green space technologies and ecological design techniques for preserving and creating a healthy urban area and green environment; and development of green space management technology. Students will work in small groups and, through discussion with the instructor, conduct a field survey and laboratory experiment. Students are required to make a presentation on their study.

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Title Topics in Environmental Sciences and Technology
Instructors Nobuo FUJIWARA, Haruhiko HORINO, Noboru MASUDA
Course Objectives The aim of Environmental Sciences and Technology is to evaluate interaction between elements of the natural environment, including atmosphere, water, soil and life, and the quality of whole ecosystems, as well as human activities, and to create an ecologically sound urban area and green environment. This course will systematically introduce students to a variety of theories and methodologies of green monitoring to evaluate interaction related to the quality of an environment and human activities, management of a green environment, and green space preservation and creation to create a better environment. Students will learn to make a practical approach to environmental planning and design.
Description and program This course will provide an overview of each element that composes a green environment and the basic structure of landscape that serves as a part of the ecosystem. Through case studies on preservation and creation of agricultural spaces surrounding an urban city, students will be able to understand theories and methodologies of landscape planning (land use plan), site design (determination of space quality) and management (from space maintenance to administration). Students will discuss these under the instructor’s supervision. The course will review and analyze which water cycle will contribute to sustainable development of the living sphere that has a good balance between human activities and the natural environment, through themes such as human life activities and water cycles, green environment and water preservation, watershed management and water cycles, environmental monitoring and information analysis, water cycles throughout the world and global environmental issues. The course will give an overview of the evolution and functions of various ecosystems, characteristics of plant and animal communities, as well as relationships between these and human activities. It will also discuss the influence of the recent reduction in biodiversity on human societies, and explain the theories of conservation biology in terms of preservation, management and creation of a sound ecosystem.

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Title Primary Topics in Environmental Sciences and Technology
Instructors Akiharu KAMIHOGI, Yoshiaki KITAYA, Hiroyuki YAMADA
Course Objectives Environmental Science and Technology is a course that aims to evaluate the interaction among elements composing the ecosystem, including the atmosphere, water, soil and biocenosis, and the quality of the whole ecosystem, as well as human activities, and to create an ecologically sound urban area and green environment. This course will introduce students to various theories and methodologies of green monitoring to assess interactions, to control the green environment, and to preserve or create the green space to develop better environment. Each instructor will lecture from the viewpoint of their specialty, providing an overview and the basic concepts of environmental science and technology.
Description and program The focus of this course is to introduce environmental science and technology. First, the course will cover basic concepts of landscape, such as landscape composition, changes in garden styles over time, formation and development of an urban environment, relationships between living organisms and humans, coordination between green environments and historic assets, public involvement, and environment management. Next, it will introduce inferential statistics, the basics and application of multivariate analysis, handling of multiple-valued data, basics of discriminant and cluster analyses, and the latest topics related to the application of statistics. The course will also provide students with an overview of the current status of research in relevant areas, and discuss what future research methods should be and the direction in which they should develop.

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Title Applied Seminar in Environmental Sciences and Technology
Instructors All faculty members of Department of Environmental Sciences and Technology
Course Objectives Students will be equipped with a broad perspective and a high sense of ethics, cultivate advanced professional skills and the ability to solve problems, and enhance their communication and presentation abilities.
Description and program Through case studies in environmental science and technology, the course will analyze the present green environments which have resulted from the interaction between human activities and elements of the natural environment, including the atmosphere, water, soil and life, dynamics of the environment, urban ecosystems, and ecosystems which are under the influence of humans. The course will provide students with practical training in how to conduct behavioral science research, use geographical information systems, and conduct green space planning and site design.

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Title Applied Project in Environmental Sciences and Technology
Instructors All faculty members of Department of Environmental Sciences and Technology
Course Objectives Students will develop the ability to put into practical use green space measurement and assessment approaches to the preservation and creation of ecologically sound urban areas and green environments, and the preservation, planning, site design and management of green spaces.
Description and program The class will help students select a specific study theme concerning the monitoring, control, preservation and creation of a green environment. The principal topics to be covered will be research on and technology development for controlling and managing green space to maintain sustainable interactions between human activities and elements of the natural environment, including the atmosphere, water, soil and life, dynamics of the environment, and healthy ecosystems; development of green space technologies and ecological design techniques for preserving and creating a healthy urban area and green environment; and development of green space management methods. The course will enable students to develop comprehensive professional understanding through document review, field survey and environmental data analysis and using green space measurement approaches, as well as presentation and discussion skills.

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Title Topics in Ecological Meteorology
Instructors Hiroyuki YAMADA, Yasuyuki AONO, Masahito UEYAMA
Course Objectives It is important to understand the interaction of atmospheric environments and the biosphere on various time and spatial scales, for the purpose of improving, mitigating and managing of environments with climatological and meteorological expertise. This class will focus on new meteorological and climatological knowledge about the mechanism of climate change and the local meteorology in forest and urbanized areas. This class also aims to teach students techniques to derive and monitor interactions between vegetation and the atmospheric environment.
Description and program Some new topics in research on climatology and meteorology will be explained, developing advanced expertise to approach various research subjects. This class will be divided into roughly three subsections as follows. 1) Climate change mechanisms will be interpreted. In particular, the effects of atmospheric greenhouse gasses and solar variation on the global climate are explained. In this subsection, the paleoclimate on various time scales will be reviewed and what factors might affect on global climate change will be discussed; 2) The influences of climate change on vegetation and agriculture will be interpreted; 3) Advanced methodology for monitoring local meteorology in forest and urbanized areas will be explained. In this class, techniques for analyzing satellite-derived remote sensing data will be a focus. In this subsection, analysis methodologies, such as ground cover classification, biomass estimation with vegetation indices, and analysis of heat budget distribution, will be addressed.

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Title Topics in Environmental Control in Biology
Instructors Yoshiaki KITAYA, Toshio SHIBUYA
Course Objectives The interactions between the environment and organisms including plants, animals and microorganisms are very complicated in ecosystems. Thus, understanding the environmental factors which influence organisms, and clarifying mechanisms of interactions between these environmental factors and organisms are important to conserve or create sustainable ecosystems. In this class, the basic theory and practical technologies are learned for monitoring and controlling physical environmental factors in ecosystem and for understanding the interactions between environmental factors and organisms, especially with a focus especially on plants.
Description and program In order to understand physical environmental factors which influence plants, such as temperature, air humidity, soil moisture, gas components and light irradiation, and to understand mechanisms of interactions between these environment factors and plants in ecosystems, the following topics will be addressed: 1) interactions between plants and physical environment factors; 2) monitoring and control technology of environmental stress on plants; 3) plant eco- physiological responses to the environment; 6) theories and practices for controlling physical environmental factors in plant biology.

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Title Topics in Geo-environmental Engineering
Instructors Torahiko TANIGAWA, Takashi KIMATA
Course Objectives The interactions between the environment and organisms including plants, animals and microorganisms are very complicated in ecosystems. Thus, understanding the environmental factors which influence organisms, and clarifying mechanisms of interactions between these environmental factors and organisms are important to conserve or create sustainable ecosystems. In this class, the basic theory and practical technologies are learned for monitoring and controlling physical environmental factors in ecosystem and for understanding the interactions between environmental factors and organisms, especially with a focus especially on plants.
Description and program In order to understand physical environmental factors which influence plants, such as temperature, air humidity, soil moisture, gas components and light irradiation, and to understand mechanisms of interactions between these environment factors and plants in ecosystems, the following topics will be addressed: 1) interactions between plants and physical environment factors; 2) monitoring and control technology of environmental stress on plants; 3) plant eco- physiological responses to the environment; 6) theories and practices for controlling physical environmental factors in plant biology.

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Title Topics in Management and Monitoring of Water Environment
Instructors Haruhiko HORINO, Takao NAKAGIRI
Course Objectives Water, soil, and atmosphere are the basic constituents of the environment. This class especially focuses on water and its cyclic processes and provides an explanation of the mechanism of each cyclic process, measurements of hydrological data, prediction, and macro-evaluation of hydrological situations, and so on, including consideration of the relationship with the soil and atmosphere. Students will learn techniques to manage and monitor the water environment. This class also encourages students to consider how to introduce the environmentally-conscious water management harmonized with ecosystems and human life, since water, soil, and air should be regional resources from agricultural and civil engineering aspects.
Description and program From the viewpoint of the water environment in a daily living area, including the atmosphere and soil, appropriate theories and evaluation methods for the objectives described above will be addressed, introducing advanced field and experimental case studies. The main topics of this class are: 1) Collecting and recording hydrological data—Introduction of hydrological measurement systems from classical methodology to advanced technologies; 2) Relationship between land use and discharge—Illustration of drought moderation capacity, regional evapotranspiration, flood control capacity, and water storage in different land-use basins using hydrographs and hyetographs; 3) Multi-functionality of agricultural water-use—Evaluation of multi-functional roles of irrigation water systems and residents’ perception of the multi-functionality, such as roles of “communal water”, conservation of ecosystems, and suppression of excess air temperature; 4) Water environment in overseas—Discussion of methodology and technology for effective water use in countries with poor water resources.
The reading of English textbooks associated with these contents will also be scheduled.

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Title Topics in Landscape Conservation and Ecological Management
Instructors Nobuo FUJIWARA, Akihiro NAKAMURA
Course Objectives Ecosystems are not in equilibrium with their environment but have dynamics in which many disturbances and human activities occur. In order to conserve the ecosystem, it is important to understand ecosystem dynamics that are caused both by abiotic and biotic factors and human influences. This class will focus on a conceptual basis for understanding terrestrial ecosystem processes and their sensitivity to environmental and biotic change, conservation of the ecosystem and the mitigation of human-caused changes.
Description and program In order to understand processes in various ecosystem including urban human-altered environment and application methods for ecological management, the establishment process of natural ecosystems and the human impacts on suburban ecosystems will be explained. The main topics in this class will be: 1) conservation and restoration technology of ecosystem and biodiversity in natural and human-induced degraded area; 2) maintaining the healthy life in urban landscapes with use of plants; 3) relationships between plants and environmental factors.

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Title Topics in Landscape Planning and Design
Instructors Noboru MASUDA, Hiroyuki KAGA
Course Objectives Students will develop techniques and methods for evaluating the function and structure of a landscape representative of greenery and other various environments which serve as basic components of both urban and living environments. They will learn address environmental issues in a practical way, and understand global trends of landscape design. Furthermore, they will learn how to carry out case studies and how to write a critical thesis through case studies on and discussion of environmental planning programs and site designs which have helped create an ecologically healthy urban area.
Description and program Students are required to make an oral summary of one planning program and one site design selected for case study from Landscape Architecture (the magazine of the American Society of Landscape Architects), extract relevant points and discuss them. This course will equip students with skills to examine and consider how greenery and landscape, which contribute to the creation of a better living environment and an ecologically healthy urban area, should be developed, through the discussion and collection of relevant domestic planning programs and designs. Students will be assigned to one of the three tasks for each lecture; to give an oral summary on their case study; to present points to be discussed; or to summarize the results of discussion. The teaching method will be lectures via group discussion.

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Title Topics in Regional Landscape Planning
Instructors Akiharu KAMIHOGI
Course Objectives The course deals with green spaces which have been preserved and created in urban cities. Students will gain a systematic understanding of theories and methodologies for managing green growth from an ecological viewpoint, mechanisms for utilizing and managing green space to maintain its health in relation with activities of human life, and theories and methodologies of natural environment education to promote symbiotically-conscious behavior. The course will help students not only apply these theories and methodologies in actual practice, but also to construct a study design and write a paper.
Description and program The course will provide an overview of the latest studies in regional landscape planning, discuss what future study methods should be and what they will develop. Students will gain an understanding of, orally summarize and discuss the contents of papers related to “biotic-concerned creation of an environment,” such as the relationship between regional characteristics and the habitats of flora and fauna, and optimization of land use; “regional creation and succession,” such as the discovery and management of regional resources and management of a regional landscape; and “natural environment education and public involvement,” such as the creation of public awareness related to relationships between residents’ living activities, nature and historic assets. Through these activities, students will acquire high-level expertise, and enhance their ability to comprehend the contents of a paper and express their views on it.

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Title Topics in Environmental Entomology and Zoology
Instructors Norio HIRAI
Course Objectives Invertebrates such as insects and small vertebrates, including fishes, amphibians, and reptiles, are the main inhabitants of various terrestrial ecosystems. These animals play important roles in material circulation through the food chain as herbivores, carnivores and scavengers, and also play roles in symbiotic systems such as pollination and seed dispersal in the systems. This course aims to deepen knowledge about the history, structure and function of animal communities in local terrestrial ecosystems, and conservation of endangered animal species and their habitats, which is necessary for biodiversity conservation.
Description and program By reading and discussing recent papers and general reviews on the latest theory and topics in ecology, conservation ecology, phylogenetic systematics, and biogeography on terrestrial animals, students acquire knowledge on the problems of current research and analytical technique, and also enhance their reading and presentation abilities. The main topics of this course are: 1) Insects/animals and human life; 2) Overview of biodiversity—coevolution of plants and insects, ecological and historical (phylogenetic/cladistic) biogeography; 3) Ecology—community ecology, structure and function of various ecosystems, life history and behavior of insects/animals; 4) Conservation biology—factors of biodiversity crises, habitat conservation.

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Title Topics in Environmental Engineering in Biological Production
Instructors Yoshifumi NISHIURA, Akihiro HIRAI
Course Objectives Students will learn interactions between plant environment and plant growth on the bio-production system and the philosophy to deal with plant physiology, plant ecology, energy engineering, system biology, plant management skills, machinery and system engineering for plant control, instrumentation and smart control system fabrication for plant growth such as urban cultivation of plants, plant factory and plant production in space, and robotics.
Description and program To obtain wisdoms, knowledge and skills for ecological plant production, students have to be able to treat plants well. To do so, students will familiarize the lifestyle and mechanism of plant behavior and plant reactions on 1)Theory and fact to comprehend the plant growth 2)Operational method and treatment to control the plant growth 3)Examples of control in plant factory 4) Topics of natural energy utilization for plant growth 5)Worldwide technologies of plant production systems 6)Interaction between ecology system and energy 7)Utilization of plant active signal such as the Speaking Plant Approach 8) Formulation as the ecology system.

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Title Selected Topics in Environmental Sciences and Technology A
Instructors Hiroki HONDO
Course Objectives The development of harmonious relationships between the natural environment and human activities is important to realize sustainable societies. ‘Technology’ will be an important keyword for realizing sustainable societies. Therefore, reasonable answers are required for the following questions: what kind of technologies should be developed, how to introduce these technologies into societies, and how to utilize the technologies appropriately. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is one of the methods to answer these questions, as it can analyze and evaluate quantitatively the effects of technologies or industrial products on the environment. In this class, the following topics are addressed: 1) the basic theory and procedure of the LCA, 2) applying the LCA to simple sample issues, 3) evaluating the results of the LCA, and 4) having a personal opinion on the role of technologies to realize sustainable societies.
Description and program In order to understand the basic theory, procedure, and application of the LCA, and evaluation of environmental issues with the LCA, the following topics will be addressed: 1) The outline of the theory and procedure of the LCA to overcome environmental issues, 2) how to use inventory analysis technology to solve complicated problems caused by complex environmental impacts (for example, global warming from the discharge of carbon dioxide and depletion of the ozone layer in the stratosphere), 3) how to analyze the complex impact of human activities on the environment, and application of the LCA to relevant issues (for example, beverage containers) recycling systems and electric power generation systems and finally 4) inspection of sustainability of bio-fuels (for example, bio-ethanol and bio-diesel oil) using the LCA method.

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Title Selected Topics in Environmental Sciences and Technology B
Instructors Kohei AKASAKI
Course Objectives Students will acquire an understanding of different spatial expansions of a living environment when viewed at regional and district levels, as well as multifaceted understanding of a variety of problems which modern urban cities have faced. In addition, they will gain an understanding through actual case studies of the basic structure of contemporary urbanism, city planning control systems, land use regulations and development projects for improving, developing and preserving cities and urban areas.
Description and program The course will introduce cases of successful implementation of an advanced environmentally-friendly city to students, and then explore and examine not only how future city planning should serve as a mediator to reduce various burdens on the environment, while considering the global environment, but also how city planning will evolve into environmental city planning so that cities can have a positive association with nature, and urban spaces rich in attractive environments and amenities can be created.